Federal background checks for employment
Identity History Summary Checks — FBI
A national background check, on the other hand, is a check that includes records from all states, counties, and tribal territories. Federal crimes are prosecuted in United States district courts, which are trial courts.
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Federal crimes may be appealed in the United States courts of appeals or appellate courts. So federal criminal records may come from either district courts or appellate courts though records will only come from appellate courts if the case was appealed.
Federal crimes are fairly uncommon, but if employers want to check federal records, they can do so using PACER. PACER is a portal that allows anyone from the general public to obtain electronic federal criminal records instantly. Generally, employers will be able to collect any and all federal criminal records including bankruptcies filed in United States bankruptcy courts instantly through PACER.
Federal criminal records include all case documents, including a docket sheet.
Keep in mind that federal criminal background checks are only for federally prosecuted crimes--it is not a national background check. In the US, there is no truly holistic background check available to the public.
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Since employers don't have access to a national background check, most will use a multi-state check, often called a national background check. For a comprehensive and thorough look into someone's criminal background, some employers will run a multi-state background check in addition to a federal check.
Multi-state background checks include records from each of the 46 states that have online databases. What that background check includes depends on the specific job, particularly the level of access it involves to sensitive or confidential information. If the position does involve access to sensitive or confidential information, then the person being hired must also obtain a government security clearance. All security clearances require additional checks that may include interviews with spouses, roommates, neighbors, friends, work colleagues, family members, or acquaintances.
There are three levels of security clearance that may be required for a federal government job: Confidential, Secret, and Top Secret. The depth, length, and details of a government background check will vary depending on the level of security clearance as well as the requirements of the job. The main part of this investigation is a National Agency Check NAC , which is standard for all security clearance background checks. It looks at results from previous government investigations, as well as the FBI fingerprint criminal history database.
Identity History Summary Checks
Other types of federal agency background checks may be part of the NAC depending on the nature of the position. Other checks for the Tier 3 investigation include selective service registration verifications for male candidates, employment history checks, residence history checks, educational verifications, credit history checks, and local law enforcement background checks anywhere the candidate ever lived, worked, or attended school.
These investigations essentially incorporate all the pieces of Tier 3 investigations but with the Continuous Evaluation CE added.
CE re-checks government workers randomly when they are in between investigations. These automated checks look at everything from criminal history to financial information liens, bankruptcies, and the like and credit checks.source site
Background Checks FAQ
In terms of background checks, the main difference from one tier to the next is the amount of time the security clearance remains valid. For instance, a Confidential security clearance lasts for 15 years. A Top Secret clearance is only good for five years, after which the background check process has to start over.